An easy way of publishing your relevant EU press releases.

Gambling: AG states that prevention of cross border gambling is against the Treaty


27 Oct 2011


Health & Consumers

Today Advocate General Cruz Villalón issued his opinion in the joined Costa and Cifone cases regarding the access of the British gambling operator Stanleybet to Italian licenses (Cases C-72/10 and C-77/10).

According to Stanleybet the procedure to award Italian licenses in fact protects operators that already had local licenses during a period in which the licensing procedure unlawfully excluded certain operators. AG Villalón confirms that licensing systems and procedures need to respect the requirements of the Treaty. 

According to Villalón, who recalls the requirements for justifications of restrictions of the freedom to provide services such as in this case, in particular that legislation must be non-discriminatory, suitable and proportional (para 46 et seq),

- “National legislation which prevents any type of cross border gambling activity, irrespective of how this activity is exercised, ... , is contrary to articles 49 and 56 of the TFEU” (para 82)

- "National legislation that tends generally to protect holders of licences issued at an earlier period on the basis of a procedure that unlawfully excluded some operators can be regarded as an unjustified restriction of the freedom to provide services" (para 58). Maintaining the business position of such historical concession holders is contrary to the Treaty provisions.

- “Articles 49 and 56 of the TFEU oppose national legislation which guarantees the continuation of acquired commercial positions on the basis of a procedure which illegally excluded a number of operators” (para 69)

A date for the ruling of the European Court of Justice has not yet been set.

Maarten Haijer, Director of Regulatory Affairs at the EGBA states “We welcome the opinion of the Advocate General which confirms that Member States´ gambling legislation needs to comply with the basic requirements of the Treaty. It is the cornerstone of the Internal Market that a European licensed operator should have access to licenses in other Member States and be able to offer cross border services.” 

Haijer adds: “With several preliminary questions pending in Italy alone, it is clear that we can´t continue to expect the CJEU to shape the European market. The European legislator needs to step in and introduce regulation that addresses and harmonizes licensing standards within the EU.” 

– END –

For further information or comment please contact:

Maarten Haijer: +32 2 554 08 90

About EGBA

The EGBA is an association of leading European gaming and betting operators, BetClic, bwinparty, Digibet, Expekt, Interwetten, and Unibet. EGBA is a Brussels-based non-profit association. It promotes the right of private gaming and betting operators that are regulated and licensed in one Member State to a fair market access throughout the European Union. Online gaming and betting is a fast growing market, but will remain for the next decades a limited part of the overall European gaming market in which the traditional land based offer is expected to grow from € 79.6 Billion GGR in 2009 to € 83 Billion GGR in 2012, thus keeping the lion’s share with 87% of the market. Source: H2 Gambling Capital, April 2010


European Aluminium
Trade Policy Assistant
EU Representation Wirtschaftskammer Österreich
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union
Student Assistant
Embassy of the republic of Korea
NCT Consultants
Defence and Security Intern
ECR Group, European Parliament
ECR Group Media and Communications Trainee
PES - Party of European Socialists
Press and Communications Officer