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Caritas Europa comments on the new EU “Blue Card System

Date

11 Jun 2009

Sections

Social Europe & Jobs

On May 25th, 2009, the EU Council adopted the so-called “Blue-Card Directive”, aimed at facilitating entry
and residence in the EU of third country citizens for th purposes of highly-qualified employment. The new
scheme, not to be implemented until 2011 at the earliest, does not intend to replace nor prevent any Member
States’ initiatives aimed at offering more attractive conditions to labour migrants.

For Caritas Europa the Directive contains some positive elements, such as the right to family reunification
(although only within six months) with relatives having the right to work; accumulation of the time of
residence in different Member States for purpose of acquiring long-term resident status after five years;
equality of treatment and working conditions with nationals of the Member State concerned; and circular
migration opportunities for up to 12 months.

Caritas Europa doubts whether the approved Directive can reach its ultimate goal of attracting highly
qualified workforce. Additionally, it is regrettable that no solution is given at the EU level to address the main
issue of low or unqualified labour migration, as no legal labour migration channels regarding medium or low
skilled migrant workers are envisaged.

Caritas Europa finds that the new scheme does not properly foster mechanisms such as circular migration
that should balance the benefits between all parties involved and compensate the negative effects that brain
drain potentially has on countries of origin. So, according to the Directive, the “Blue Card” holder can only
return to his/her country for up to 12 months, otherwise he/she loses residence permit. The organisation also
underlines that the objective to encourage circulation could be addressed by concluding agreements
between Member States and migrants' countries of origin with a view to transferring acquired social security
rights, or by providing benefits to promote return.
Even if we accept what seems to be an inevitable `battle for talents’, it must be observed that the level of
income received by the workers or the length of their contracts (mandatory requirements for a “Blue Card”
according to the Directive) are not necessarily (in principle and in fact) valid elements to measure the
contribution that they can make to the receiving Member States.

Another weakness is linked to the fact that the competence to decide on territorial access remains with the
Member States, thus presenting a series of other problems. Essentially, each Member State can still
establish quotas for the entry of new non-EU workers in its labour market and is responsible for the
recognition of qualifications and formal skills.

Furthermore, labour demand and salary scales significantly
vary between countries, and it will also be a task of the Member States to define them.

In conclusion, for the moment the European Union is not sufficiently equipped to reach the goal of making
itself an attractive destination for highly-qualified professionals, while Europe itself is struggling with the loss of its own experts who move to other regions of the world with better work and life opportunities.

Brussels, June 2009 - For more information, please contact:
Peter Verhaeghe, Tel: +32 2 235 03 96, E-Mail: pverhaeghe@caritas-europa.org

http://www.caritas-europa.org/module/FileLib/CEcommentsBlueCard_June09.pdf

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